Summer is here and with it comes the rise in temperature, making it important to know about heat-related illnesses and how to prevent and treat them. Heat-related illnesses occur when the body is unable to regulate its temperature, causing an increase in body temperature which can lead to serious health problems. Here are some ways to prevent and treat heat-related illnesses.


  • Stay hydrated – Drink plenty of water and avoid alcohol and caffeine as they can dehydrate you.
  • Avoid the sun during peak hours – The sun is hottest between 11am and 3pm, so try to stay indoors during this time.
  • Dress appropriately – Wear light-colored and loose-fitting clothing to allow air to circulate around your body.
  • Take breaks – Take breaks from physical activity and rest in a cool place.
  • Use sunscreen – Apply sunscreen with a high SPF to protect your skin from harmful UV rays.


If you or someone you know is experiencing a heat-related illness, it is important to take action immediately. Here are some ways to treat heat-related illnesses.

  • Move to a cool place – Move to a shaded or air-conditioned area to cool down.
  • Drink water – Drink water or sports drinks to replenish fluids lost through sweating.
  • Apply cool compresses – Apply cool, damp towels or take a cool shower to lower body temperature.
  • Rest – Rest and avoid physical activity until symptoms subside.
  • Seek medical attention – Seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen.

Heat-related illnesses can be serious and even life-threatening if not treated promptly. By following these prevention tips and knowing how to treat heat-related illnesses, you can stay safe and enjoy the summer months.